Chapman oak is a member of the white oak group that grows in upland scrub habitats of the southeastern United States.
The trees have little economic significance but do contribute to the species diversity of forested areas and provide valuable wildlife food and nesting sites. White-tailed deer, turkeys, raccoons, and squirrels feed on the acorns.
Chapman oak is found in the sandy soils of the Atlantic Coastal Plain from southeastern South Carolina to southern Florida. Chapman oak is mostly found near the salt water in the islands of Beaufort County, South Carolina and in central and western Florida.