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Florida 4-H Forest Ecology

Florida 4-H Forest Ecology

American Hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana
Family: Betulaceae

Natural History

Leaves and branch of American hornbeam | Photo credit: Larry Korhnak, University of Florida

American hornbeam is a small, slow-growing, and short-lived tree that occupies the forest understory.

Its common name is derived from the tough characteristic of its wood. "Horn" meaning tough and "beam" meaning tree in German. It is also known as ironwood or bluebeech, and is in the birch family - Betulaceae.

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